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Perkins珀金斯100用户手册(英文)


详细描述:

 

Perkins 100 Series

Models KN, KL, KD, KH, KE, KF, KR and KS

USER’S HANDBOOK

2, 3 and 4 cylinder naturally aspirated diesel engines for

industrial, construction and agricultural applications

Publication TPD 1378E, Issue 2.

© Proprietary information of Perkins, all rights reserved.

The information is correct at the time of print.

Published in March 2002 by Technical Publications.

1

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Contents

Safety precautions ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .  3

General data  ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .  4

Engine data  . ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .  5

Location of engine parts  .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .  6

Preventive maintenance .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...  ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .  8

2

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Safety precautions

These safety precautions are important. You must refer also to the local regulations in the country of use.

Some items only apply to specific applications.

l   Do not use these engines in marine applications.

l   Do not change the specification of the engine.

l   Do not smoke when you put fuel in the tank. Clean away fuel, which has been spilt. Material, which has

been contaminated by fuel, must be moved to a safe place.

l   Do not clean, add lubricating oil, put fuel in the tank or adjust the engine while it runs.

l   Do not make adjustments that you do not understand.

l   Ensure that the engine does not run in a location where it can cause a concentration of toxic emissions.

l   Other persons must be kept at a safe distance while the engine or auxiliary equipment is in operation.

l   Do not permit loose clothing or long hair near moving parts.

l   Keep away from moving parts during engine operation.

Warning! Some moving parts cannot be seen clearly while the engine runs.

l   Do not operate the engine if a safety guard has been removed.

l   Do not remove the filler cap or any component of the cooling system while the engine is hot and while the

coolant is under pressure, because dangerous hot coolant can be discharged.

l   Do not use salt water or any other coolant which can cause corrosion in the closed cooling unit.

l   Do not allow sparks or fire near the batteries (especially when the batteries are on charge) because the

gases from the electrolyte are highly flammable. The battery fluid is dangerous to the skin and especially

to the eyes.

l   Disconnect the battery terminals before a repair is made to the electrical system.

l   Only one person must control the engine.

l   Ensure that the engine is operated only from the control panel or from the operators position.

l   If your skin comes into contact with high-pressure fuel, obtain medical assistance immediately.

l   Diesel fuel and lubricating oil (especially used lubricating oil) can damage the skin of certain persons.

Protect your hands with gloves or a special solution to protect the skin.

l   Do not wear clothing which, is contaminated by lubricating oil. Do not put material, which is contaminated

with oil into the pockets of clothing.

l   Discard used lubricating oil in accordance with local regulations to prevent contamination.

l   Ensure that the control lever of the transmission drive is in the "out-of-drive" position before the engine is

started.

l   The combustible material of some components of the engine (for example some seals) can become

extremely dangerous if it is burned. Never allow this burnt material to come into contact with the skin or with

the eyes.

l   Use extreme care if emergency repairs must be made in adverse conditions.

l   Do not allow compressed air to contact your skin. If compressed air enters your skin, obtain medical help

immediately.

l   Fit only genuine Perkins parts.

CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning

Diesel engine exhaust and some of it constituents are known to the state of California to cause cancer, birth

defects, and other reproductive harm.

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

3

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

General data

Read this section carefully before the engine is started

To start the engine

Caution: Ether starting fluids must not be used with these engines.

1  Move the throttle lever to the full-speed position.

2  Turn the start key anticlockwise to ’’HEAT’’ and hold it there for 20 to 30 seconds (maximum 60 seconds)

until the glow signal illuminates red.

3  With the signal illuminating red, turn the key clockwise all the way to ’’START’’, and crank the engine for 20

seconds maximum.

4  When the engine starts, release the key, which will spring back to ’’ON’’.

5  Turn the throttle lever down slowly to allow the engine to idle.

Note: If the glow signal illuminates rapidly for 2 to 3 seconds, or does not illuminate within 20 to 30 seconds,

this indicates a malfunction of the cold start system.

6  Turn the start key to the "OFF" position to stop the engine.

Venting the fuel system

1  Identify the location of the fuel lift pump.

2  Locate the vent screw on the fuel filter, and loosen off.

3  Operate the hand primer on the lift pump until air free fuel flows. Tighten vent screw.

4  Identify the vent screw on the fuel injection pump, loosen off, and operate the hand primer until air free fuel

flows. Tighten the vent screw.

5  Identify the fuel pipes from fuel injection pump to atomiser and loosen all off at the atomiser end. Turn the

engine on the starter motor until fuel flows from injector pipe. Tighten all pipes.

6  The engine is now ready to start.

Caution: When turning the engine on the starter do not exceed continuous rotation for more than 15 second

periods. Wait for 30 seconds between periods of turning if fuel does not flow on initial rotation.

Antifreeze

The anti-freeze mixture must consist of equal quantities of anti-freeze and water. The corrosion inhibitor in the

anti-freeze will be diluted if a concentration of less than 50% of anti-freeze is used.

Concentrations of more than 50% of anti-freeze may have an adverse effect on the performance of the coolant.

Caution: Do not use salt water or any other coolant that can cause corrosion in the closed cooling circuit.

Altitude

Contact the Perkins Applications Department for information on the effect of ambient conditions on the Perkins

100 Series engines.

Adjustment of the engine speed range

The idle or maximum speed setting must not be changed by the engine operator because this can damage the

engine or the transmission. The warranty of the engine can be affected if the seals on the controls of the fuel

injection equipment are broken during the warranty period by a person who is not approved by Perkins.

4

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Engine data

Engine type

Engine code

102-05

KN

103-07

103-10

KD

103-11

KS

103-13

KH

103-15

KE

104-19

104-22

KR

KL

3

KF

4

Number of cylinders

Cylinder arrangement

Cycle

2

3

3

3

3

4

In-line

Four stroke

Naturally aspirated

IDI special swirl

Induction system

Combustion system

Cubic capacity (litres)

0,451

0,676

0,954

1,131

1,330

1,496

1,995

2,216

Capacity of industrial oil sump and filter (litres)

Maximum

Minimum

1,9

1,3

2,8

2,1

3,5

2,7

4,9

3,7

5,7

4,5

5,7

4,5

7,1

5,3

8,2

6,3

Use only good quality lubricating oil which meets (and not exceeds) any of the

Lubricating oil

specification

specifications listed:

API CC/CD/CE/CF/CF-4/CG-4

ACEA E1/E2/E3

Coolant system capacity

- engine only (litres)

0,98

1,25

1,70

1,90

2,50

2,65

3,3

3,6

Clean soft water with 50% Anti-freeze concentration ethanediol base/ethylene glycol,

corrosion inhibitor to BS 6850: 1985 or ASTMD 3306-74 or AS 2108-1977

See "Antifreeze" on page 4

Coolant specification

Diesel fuel specification

Direction of rotation

Minimum cetane number 45 (Aviation fuel JP4 must not be used)

Clockwise view from the front

Cylinder head torques

Kgf m (lbf ft)

3,5 - 4,0

(25 - 29)

5,0 - 5,3

(36 - 38)

9,9 - 10,5

(72 - 76)

Tappet settings cold

inlet / exhaust

0,2 mm

(0.0078 in)

Recommended viscosity grades

0W

5W20

10W30

15W40

20W50

20

30

40

-30

-22

-20

-4

-10

14   32

0

10

50

20

68

30

86  104   122 F

40

50

o

o

C

Ambient temperature

A

Always ensure that the correct viscosity grade of lubricating oil is used for the ambient temperature range in

which the engine will run, as shown in the above chart.

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

5

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Location of engine parts

Introduction

Perkins engines are built for specific applications and the views that follow do not necessarily match your

engines specification.

Left side

1 Induction manifold.

2 Water outlet.

3 Water temperature switch.

4 Fan, mounted on water pump.

5 Alternator.

6 Crankshaft pulley.

7 Exhaust manifold.

8 Starter motor.

9 Lubricating oil drain plug.

6

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Right side

10 Open engine breather.

11 Atomiser.

12 Fuel lift pump.

13 Coolant drain plug.

14 Lubricating oil filter.

15 Lubricating oil dipstick.

16 Throttle lever.

17 Mechanical stop control (electrical stop control at rear of pump).

18 Fuel injection pump.

19 Position of engine number label.

20 Oil pressure switch.

21 Filler cap for lubricating oil.

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

7

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale


 

100 Series

Preventive maintenance

Preventive maintenance periods

The preventive maintenance periods in the schedules below apply to average conditions of operation. Check

the periods given by the manufacturer of the equipment in which the engine is installed. Use the periods that

are shortest. When the operation of the engine must conform to the local regulations these periods and

procedures may need to be adapted to ensure correct operation of the engine.

It is good preventive maintenance to check for leakage and loose fasteners at each service.

These maintenance periods only apply to engines that are operated with fuels and lubricating oils that conform

to the specifications given in this handbook.

Schedules

The schedules, that follow, must be applied at the interval (hours or months) that occur first.

A

B

C

Every day or every 8 hours

First service (20 / 50 hours)

Every 100 hours or 3 months

D

E

F

Every 200 hours or 6 months

Every 400 hours or 12 months

Every 600 hours or 18 months

A

B

C

D

E

F

Operation

l  l   l   l  l

l

Check the coolant level (top up with coolant only)

Check the concentration of the coolant

l   Renew the coolant (fill slowly, ensure correct quantity is used)

l

l  l   l   Check the level of the engine lubricating oil

l  l   l   l  l   Renew the engine lubricating oil (fill slowly, ensure correct quantity is used)

l  l   l   l  l   Renew the engine oil filter

l  l   l   l  l   Drain water from the fuel filter and pre-filter

l  l   l   Renew the fuel filter canister (N.B. Airvent screws on filter and fuel pump)

l  l   l   l  l   l   Check tension of the alternator drive belt

l

Check the alternator drive belt for wear

l   Renew the alternator drive belt

Check and adjust idle speed

l

l

l   Tighten the cylinder head

l   Check and adjust valve clearances

l   Check electrical systems

l   Check all nuts and bolts for tightness

Check the injectors for performance

l   Clean the air filter (earlier check may be necessary)

Renew the air filter element

l

l

l  l   l

l  l   l   l  l   l   Check and correct any leaks or engine damage

Note: All operations to be carried out by trained personnel with reference to the Workshop Manual where

necessary.

8

User’s Handbook, TPD 1378E, issue 2

This document has been printed from SPI². Not for Resale

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